Obesity is a medical condition caused by the accumulation of fat located in different parts of the human body. There are different causes for obesity, the main one being excessive consumption of calories from food.
In general, fat accumulation happens when there is an imbalance between the energy entered into the body through meals and the energy spent by the body in day-to-day activities.
To determine whether a person is obese or not, the Body Mass Index is calculated, which divides the patient’s weight by their height squared. The value obtained is inserted into a table with values for underweight, within normal weight, overweight, grade I obesity, grade II obesity, and grade III obesity.
Childhood obesity is also determined by BMI (with reference values different from adults). This condition needs to be observed with medical attention, as it can have consequences for adult life. It often leads to type 2 diabetes if not taken care of quickly; you can buy anti-obesity prescriptions from Canada.
What Are the Types of Obesity?
There are different types of obesity: grade I obesity is considered mild obesity, grade II obesity is moderate obesity, and grade III obesity is morbid obesity.
Other types of obesity include primary obesity, which happens when the cause is excessive calorie consumption, and secondary obesity when overweight is caused by some disease or medical condition.
The types of obesity also refer to how the accumulation of fat is located within the individual’s body. For homogeneous obesity, the patient has a certain proportion between the amount of fat in the lower and upper limbs.
Android obesity is an excessive fat accumulation in the abdomen and chest, more common in male patients. Gynecoid obesity, on the other hand, is more common for female patients and is shown as a greater accumulation of fat in the hips, thighs, and legs, that is, in the lower part of the body.
What Are the Causes of Obesity?
In addition to excessive consumption of calories, obesity can also be caused by other factors, such as various diseases. These are conditions such as hormonal imbalances, which an endocrinologist should observe. Obesity can also have psychological and emotional causes, such as food compulsions.
Another possible cause of obesity is the genetic factor, which can cause the individual to have a slower metabolism, making it easier to gain weight.
What Are the Consequences of Obesity?
Patients with obesity may present various problems and complications. Those who are obese may have diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, atherosclerosis, thrombosis, varicose veins, and menstrual cycle disorders (in female patients), in addition to various cardiovascular problems.
Are There Treatments for Obesity?
When the obese patient presents complications in his daily life due to being overweight, the ideal thing is to visit a doctor who can refer him for treatment against obesity.
An endocrinologist, a nutritionist, and a sports medicine doctor can, for example, help you get started on a new lifestyle that could make you lose weight. In some cases, the patient may be undergoing bariatric surgery.
This type of treatment is usually indicated for patients with morbid obesity, or grade III obesity, and with a BMI (body mass index) above 35 when associated with other medical conditions such as sleep apnea, diabetes, high blood pressure, and problems such as excessive fat in the blood, or over 40.
To be indicated for this type of treatment, patients must have tried to lose weight for at least two years without success, even with the help of medication, a balanced diet, and physical exercise.
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